Why do parents turn to goat’s milk formula?

When it comes to infant feeding, parents have various options to consider, including choosing between different types of infant formulas. While cow’s milk-based formulas are the most commonly used, an increasing number of parents are exploring alternative options such as goat milk infant formula. In this article, we will explore why goat milk infant formula may be a choice worth considering for some parents.

Digestibility and tolerance

Goat milk is often praised for its digestibility, making goat milk infant formula an attractive option for infants with digestive sensitivities or those who struggle with cow’s milk-based formulas. Goat milk has smaller fat globules and a different protein composition compared to cow’s milk, which some studies suggest may lead to easier digestion and better tolerance in some babies. Additionally, the different protein profile in goat milk, specifically lower levels of alpha-S1 casein, may be less allergenic and easier for infants to handle.

Similar nutritional composition

Goat milk is nutritionally comparable to cow’s milk, providing essential nutrients needed for infant growth and development. Goat milk formula, like cow’s milk formula, is carefully formulated to ensure an adequate supply of vitamins, minerals, proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. It is important to note that commercial goat milk infant formulas undergo rigorous testing and quality control to meet regulatory standards set by the FDA and European Union.

Potential allergenicity benefits

Some parents choose goat milk infant formula for its potential allergenicity benefits. Goat milk contains a different protein profile compared to cow’s milk, with lower levels of alpha-S1 casein, which is the primary allergenic protein found in cow’s milk. This difference may be advantageous for infants who have demonstrated cow’s milk protein intolerance. However, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional before making any dietary changes for infants with suspected allergies.

Potential Gut Health Benefits

Goat milk contains bioactive components, such as oligosaccharides and prebiotic factors, which may promote a healthy gut microbiota in infants. These components can act as food sources for beneficial gut bacteria, supporting the development of a balanced and diverse microbial community. A healthy gut microbiota has been associated with various health benefits, including improved digestion, immune function, and overall well-being.

Personal Choice and Preference

Ultimately, the choice to use goat milk infant formula is a personal decision made by parents based on individual circumstances, values, and preferences. Some parents may have cultural or dietary reasons for selecting goat milk, while others may have had positive experiences with it in the past. It is important to consider individual factors, consult with healthcare professionals, and ensure that any infant formula chosen meets regulatory standards and provides adequate nutrition for the baby.

Goat milk infant formula offers an alternative to cow’s milk-based formulas and may be a suitable choice for some parents. Its potential benefits include improved digestibility, tolerance for infants with cow’s milk protein sensitivity, comparable nutritional composition, potential allergenicity advantages, potential gut health benefits, and personal preference.

Read ‘Compositional and functional characteristics of goat milk and relevance as a base for infant formula


Mora-Gutiérrez, A., Hernández-Carral, C., & Alonso-Lebrero, E. (2016). Goat milk infant formula: Manufacture and composition. Dairy Science and Technology, 96(2), 133-155.

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). (2012). Scientific Opinion on the suitability of goat milk protein as a source of protein in infant formulae. EFSA Journal, 10(3), 2603.

Costa, A., De Angelis, M., Pallara, G., Sevi, A., & Taibi, L. (2017). Goat milk for infant feeding: Past, present and future. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 16(4), 654-672.

Quigley, J. D., Drewry, J. J., & Murray, M. M. (2018). Adaptation of the gut microbiota to improve nutrient utilization and protect the intestinal mucosa: Implications for infant formulas. Journal of Dairy Science, 101(6), 4715-4726.


Why do parents turn to goat’s milk formula?

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