Research Summaries

A comparison of infant formula and human milk in relation to obesity

Summary adapted from ‘The Duration, Frequency, and Volume of Exclusive Human Milk and/or Infant Formula Consumption and Overweight and Obesity: A Systematic Review’ by Dewey et al. 2020 This article was a systematic review of the literature aiming to determine the relationship between the duration, frequency, and volume of exclusive human milk and/or infant formula […]

Iron Requirements of Infants and Toddlers

This summary is adapted from ‘Iron Requirements of Infants and Toddlers’ by Magnus et al. 2014 Iron deficiency is the most common micronutrient deficiency, with young children at a particularly high risk due to the increased iron requirements while rapidly growing. It is estimated that approximately 25% of preschool children have iron deficiency anaemia1. Prevalence […]

Bioactive compounds in infant formula

This summary is based on ‘Bioactive Compounds in Infant Formula and Their Effects on Infant Nutrition and Health: A Systematic Literature Review’ by Almeida et al. 2021 Malnutrition contributes to approximately 60% of annual deaths worldwide, many of which can be attributed to inappropriate feeding practices during the first year of life1. Breastfeeding is regarded […]

Metabolic responses in lactose-free vs regular infant formula fed infants

This summary is adapted from ‘Postprandial metabolic response of breast-fed infants and infants fed lactose-free vs regular infant formula: A randomized controlled trial’ by Slupsky et al. 2017 Lactose is the major carbohydrate in human breast milk, with a 50% higher concentration than is found in cow’s milk1. Infant formulas aim to match the composition […]

Goat milk and cows milk based formula comparison

This summary is adapted from ‘Comparison of growth and nutritional status in infants receiving goat milk-based formula and cow milk-based formula: a randomized, double-blind study’ by Xu et al. 2015 There has been interest in the use of goat’s milk-based infant formula, due to potential advantages over cow’s milk-based formula and consumer demand. Goat’s milk […]

Lactose reduced formula with corn syrup and obesity

This summary is adapted from ‘Lactose-reduced infant formula with corn syrup solids and obesity risk among participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)’ by Anderson et al. 2022. The prevalence of childhood obesity is a huge public health issue, having increased significantly in recent times1. Rapid weight gain in […]

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